ͱݼ Ǹ

 

- Rare Earth Metals -

 

 

, Ʈ, ÷Ʈ, , , , ȯ, ̾, Ʃ, ũ, ͸Ÿ, ձ, ҽ, pellet, granule

ǰ

 ĭ (Scandium, Sc)

Ʈ(Yttrium, Y)

ź (Lanthanum, La)

(Cerium, Ce)

󼼿 (Praseodymium, Pr)

׿ (Neodymium, Nd)

縶 (Samarium, Sm)

Ǿ (Europium. Eu)

(Gadolinium, Gd)

׸ (Terbium, Tb)

ν (Dysprosium, Dy)

Ȧ (Holmium, Ho)

(Erbium, Er)

(Thulium, Tm)

׸ (Ytterbium, Yb)

Ƭ (Lutetium, Lu)

̽Ż (Misch Metal)

...

 

ȭ / ȭչ

Scandium Oxide / Scandium Chemicals

Yttrium Oxide / Yttrium Chemicals

Lanthanum Oxide / Lanthanum Chemicals

Cerium Oxide / Cerium Chemicals

araseodymium Oxide / Paraseodymium Chemicals

Neodymium Oxide / Neodymium Chemicals

Samarium Oxide / Samarium Chemicals

Europium Oxide / Europium Chemicals

Gadolinium Oxide / Gadolinium Chemicals

Terbium Oxide / Terbium Chemicals

Dysprosium Oxide / Dysprosium Chemicals

Holmium Oxide / Holmium Chemicals

Erbium Oxide / Erbium Chemicals

Thulium Oxide / Thulium Chemicals

Ytterbium Oxide / Ytterbium Chemicals

Lutetium Oxide / Lutetium Chemicals

 

99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999%, 99.9999%

2N, 3N, 4N, 5N, 6N

 

ǰ

ǰ

Mischmetal

̽Ż, ̽øŻ

Rare Earth Alloy

ձ

Rare Earth Boride

ȭ

Rare Earth Bromide

ȭ

Rare Earth Carbonate

źȭ

Rare Earth Chloride

ȭ

Rare Earth Fluoride

ȭ

Rare Earth Hydride

ȭ

Rare Earth Iodide

ȭ

Rare Earth Metals

ݼ

Rare Earth Oxide, Mixed

ȥ ȭ

Sputtering Targets

͸ Ÿ, ŸƮ


ֱǥ ݼ, ͱݼ ݼ

߿ڹȣ ȣ ǥ ڷ (m.p.)


1 H , hydrogen 1.0079 -259.14
2 He helium 4.0026 -272.2 (26atm)
3 Li Ƭ lithium 6.94 180.54
4 Be beryllium 9.01218 1280
5 B ؼ , boron 10.81 2300
6 C ź , carbon 12.011 3550 ()
7 N , nitrogen 14.0067 -209.86
8 O ߫, oxygen 15.9994 -218.4
9 F Ҽ fluorine 18.998 -219.62
10 Ne ׿ neon 20.17 -248.67
11 Na Ʈ sodium 22.9898 97.90
12 Mg ׳׽ magnesium 24.305 650
13 Al ˷̴ aluminium 26.98154 660.4
14 Si Լ Щ, silicon 28.085 1414
15 P , phosphorus 30.973 44.1 (Ȳ)
16 S Ȳ , sulfur] 32.06 112.8 ()
17 Cl , chlorine 35.45 -100.98
18 Ar Ƹ argon 39.94 -189.2
19 K Į potassium 39.0983 63.5
20 Ca Į calcium 40.08 850
21 Sc ĭ scandium 44.9559 1539
22 Ti Ƽź titanium 47.9 1675
23 V ٳ vanadium 50.9415 1890
24 Cr ũ chromium 51.996 1890
25 Mg ׳׽ magnesium 24.305 650
26 Fe ö , iron 55.84 1535
27 Co ڹƮ cobalt 58.9332 1494
28 Ni nickel 58.7 1455
29 Cu copper 63.549 1084.5
30 Zn ƿ , zinc 65.38 419.6
31 Ga gallium 69.72 29.78
32 Ge Ը germanium 72.59 958.5
33 As , arsenic 74.9216 817 (28atm)
34 Se selenium 78.96 144 ()
35 Br bromine 79.904 -7.2
36 Kr ũ krypton 83.3 -156.6
37 Rb rubidium 85.4678 38.89
38 Sr ƮƬ strontium 87.62 769
39 Y Ʈ yttrium 88.9059 1495
40 Zr ڴ zirconium 91.22 1852
41 Nb Ͽ niobium 92.9064 2468
42 Mo 굧 molybdenum 95.94 2610
43 Tc ũƬ technetium 97 2200
44 Ru ״ ruthenium 101.17 2250
45 Rh ε rhodium 102.9055 1963
46 Pd ȶ palladium 106.4 1555
47 Ag , silver 107.868 961.9
48 Cd ī cadmium 112.41 321.1
49 In ε indium 114.82 156.63
50 Sn ּ , tin 118.69 231.97
51 Sb Ƽ antimony 121.75 630.7
52 Te ڷ縣 tellurium 127.6 449.8
53 I iodine 126.904 113.6
54 Xe ũ xenon 131.3 -111.9
55 Cs cesium 132.9054 28.5
56 Ba ٷ barium 137.33 725
57 La ź lanthanum 138.9055 920
58 Ce cerium 140.12 795
59 Pr 󼼿 praseodymium 140.9077 935
60 Nd ׿ neodymium 144.24 1024
61 Pm θƬ promethium 147 1080
62 Sm 縶 samarium 150.4 1072
63 Eu Ǿ europium 151.96 826
64 Gd gadolinium 157.2 1312
65 Tb ׸ terbium 158.9254 1356
66 Dy ν dysprosium 162.5 1407
67 Ho Ȧ holmium 164.93 1461
68 Er erbium 167.26 1522
69 Tm thulium 168.9342 1545
70 Yb ׸ ytterbium 173.04 824
71 Lu Ƭ lutetium 174.97 1652
72 Hf hafnium 178.49 2150
73 Ta źŻ tantalum 180.947 2996
74 W ֽ tungsten 183.8 3387
75 Re rhenium 186.207 3180
76 Os osmium 1902 2700
77 Ir ̸ iridium 192.2 2447
78 Pt , platinum 195.09 1772
79 Au , gold 196.9665 1064
80 Hg , mercury 200.59 -38.86
81 Tl Ż thallium 204.3 302.5
82 Pb lead 207.2 327.5
83 Bi 񽺹Ʈ bismuth 208.9804 271.44
84 Po δ polonium 209 254
85 At ƽŸƾ astatine 210
86 Rn Ladon 222 -71
87 Fr francium 223
88 Ra radium 226.03 700
89 Ac Ƽ actinium 227.03 1050
90 Th thorium 232.0381 1800
91 Pa ξƼ protactinium 231.0359 1230
92 U uranium 238.029 1133
93 Np neptunium 237.0482 640
94 Pu ÷䴽 plutonium 244 639.5
95 Am Ƹ޸ americium 243 850
96 Cm curium 247 1350
97 Bk Ŭ berkelium 247
98 Cf Į californium 251
99 Es νŸ̴ einsteinium 254
100 Fm 丣 fermium 257
101 Md ൨ mendelevium 258
102 No 뺧 nobelium 259
103 Lr η lawrencium 260
104 Rf rutherfordium 104
105 Db 괽 dubnium 105
106 Sg ú seaborgium
107 Bh bohrium
108 Hs Ͻ bohrium 265
109 Mt Ʈ meitnerium 268

 

ǰ

ȣ

Aluminum

Al

Aluminum Antimonide

AlSb

Aluminum Arsenide

AlAs

Aluminum Bromide

AlBr3

Aluminum Carbide

Al4C3

Aluminum Fluoride

AlF3

Aluminum Nitride

AlN

Aluminum Oxide

Al2O3

Aluminum Phosphide

AlP

Antimony

Sb

Antimony Oxide

Sb2O3

Antimony Selenide

Sb2Se3

Antimony Sulfide

Sb2S3

Antimony Telluride

Sb2Te3

Arsenic

As

Arsenic Oxide

As2O3

Arsenic Selenide

As2Se3

Arsenic Sulfide

As2S3

Arsenic Telluride

As2Te3

Barium

Ba

Barium Chloride

BaCl2

Barium Fluoride

BaF2

Barium Oxide

BaO

Barium Sulfide

BaS

Barium Titanate

BaTiO3

Beryllium

Be

Beryllium Carbide

Be2C

Beryllium Chloride

BeCl2

Beryllium Fluoride

BeF2

Beryllium Oxide

BeO

Bismuth

Bi

Bismuth Fluoride

BiF3

Bismuth Oxide

Bi2O3

Bismuth Selenide

Bi2Se3

Bismuth Sulfide

Bi2S3

Bismuth Telluride

Bi2Te3

Bismuth Titanate

Bi2Ti2O7

Boron

B

Boron Carbide

B4C

Boron Nitride

BN

Boron Oxide

B2O3

Boron Sulfide

B2S3

Cadmium

Cd

Cadmium Antimonide

Cd3Sb2

Cadmium Arsenide

Cd3As2

Cadmium Bromide

CdBr2

Cadmium Chloride

CdCl2

Cadmium Fluoride

CdF2

Cadmium Iodide

CdI2

Cadmium Oxide

CdO

Cadmium Selenide

CdSe

Cadmium Sulfide

CdS

Cadmium Telluride

CdTe

Calcium

Ca

Calcium Fluoride

CaF2

Calcium Oxide

CaO

Calcium Silicate

CaSiO3

Calcium Sulfide

CaS

Calcium Titanate

CaTiO3

Calcium Tungstate

CaWO4

Carbon

C

Cerium

Ce

Cerium Fluoride

CeF3

Cerium (III) Oxide

Ce2O3

Cerium (IV) Oxide

CeO2

Cesium

Cs

Cesium Bromide

CsBr

Cesium Chloride

CsCl

Cesium Fluoride

CsF

Cesium Hydroxide

CsOH

Cesium Iodide

CsI

Chiolote

Na5Al3F14

Chromium

Cr

Chromium Boride

CrB

Chromium Bromide

CrBr2

Chromium Carbide

Cr3C2

Chromium Chloride

CrCl2

Chromium Oxide

Cr2O3

Chromium Silicide

Cr3Si2

Chromium-Silicon Monoxide

Cr-SiO

Cobalt

Co

Cobalt Bromide

CoBr2

Cobalt Chloride

CoCl2

Cobalt Oxide

CoO

Copper

Cu

Copper Chloride

CuCl

Copper Oxide

Cu2O

Copper Sulfide

Cu2S

Cryolite

Na3AlF6

Dysprosium

Dy

Dysprosium Fluoride

DyF3

Dysprosium Oxide

Dy2O3

Erbium

Er

Erbium Fluoride

ErF3

Erbium Oxide

Er2O3

Europium

Eu

Europium Fluoride

EuF2

Europium Oxide

Eu2O3

Europium Sulfide

EuS

Gadolinium

Gd

Gadolinium Carbide

GdC2

Gadolinium Oxide

Gd2O3

Gallium

Ga

Gallium Antimonide

GaSb

Gallium Arsenide

GaAs

Gallium Nitride

GaN

Gallium Oxide

Ga2O3

Gallium Phosphide

GaP

Germanium

Ge

Germanium Nitride

Ge3N2

Germanium (II) Oxide

GeO

Germanium (III) Oxide

GeO2

Germanium Telluride

GeTe

Gold

Au

Hafnium

Hf

Hafnium Boride

HfB2

Hafnium Carbide

HfC

Hafnium Nitride

HfN

Hafnium Oxide

HfO2

Hafnium Silicide

HfSi2

Holmium

Ho

Holmium Fluoride

HoF3

Holmium Oxide

Ho2O3

Inconel

Ni/Cr/Fe

Indium Antimonide

InSb

Indium Arsenide

InAs

Indium Nitride

InN

Indium (I) Oxide

In2O

Indium (III) Oxide

In2O3

Indium Phosphide

InP

Indium Selenide

In2Se3

Indium (I) Sulfide

In2S

Indium (II) Sulfide

InS

Indium (III) Sulfide

In2S3

Indium (II) Telluride

InTe

Indium (III) Telluride

In2Te3

Indium Tin Oxide

In2O3-SnO2

Iridium

Ir

Iron

Fe

Iron Bromide

FeBr2

Iron Chloride

FeCl2

Iron Iodide

FeI2

Iron (II) Oxide

FeO

Iron (III) Oxide

Fe2O3

Iron Sulfide

FeS

Kanthal

FeCrAl

Lanthanum

La

Lanthanum Boride

LaB6

Lanthanum Bromide

LaBr3

Lanthanum Fluoride

LaF3

Lanthanum Oxide

La2O3

Lead

Pb

Lead Bromide

PbBr2

Lead Chloride

PbCl2

Lead Fluoride

PbF2

Lead Iodide

PbI2

Lead Oxide

PbO

Lead Selenide

PbSe

Lead Stannate

PbSnO3

Lead Sulfide

PbS

Lead Telluride

PbTe

Lead Titanate

PbTiO3

Lithium

Li

Lithium Bromide

LiBr

Lithium Chloride

LiCl

Lithium Fluoride

LiF

Lithium Iodide

LiI

Lithium Oxide

Li2O

Lutetium

Lu

Lutetium Oxide

Lu2O3

Magnesium

Mg

Magnesium Aluminate

MgAl2O4

Magnesium Bromide

MgBr2

Magnesium Chloride

MgCl2

Magnesium Fluoride

MgF2

ǰ

ȣ

Magnesium Iodide

MgI2

Magnesium Oxide

MgO

Manganese

Mn

Manganese Bromide

MnBr2

Manganese Chloride

MnCl2

Manganese (III) Oxide

Mn2O3

Manganese (IV) Oxide

MnO2

Manganese Sulfide

MnS

Mercury

Hg

Mercury Sulfide

HgS

Molybdenum

Mo

Molybdenum Boride

MoB2

Molybdenum Carbide

Mo2C

Molybdenum Disulfide

MoS2

Molybdenum Oxide

MoO3

Molybdenum Silicide

MoSi2

Neodymium

Nd

Neodymium Fluoride

NdF3

Neodymium Oxide

Nd2O3

Nichrome IV

Ni/Cr

Nickel

Ni

Nickel Bromide

NiBr2

Nickel Chloride

NiCl2

Nickel Oxide

NiO

Niobium

Nb

Niobium Boride

NbB2

Niobium Carbide

NbC

Niobium Nitride

NbN

Niobium (II) Oxide

NbO

Niobium (III) Oxide

Nb2O3

Niobium (V) Oxide

Nb2O5

Niobium Telluride

NbTex

Niobium-Tin

Nb3Sn

Osmium

Os

Osmium Oxide

Os2O3

Palladium

Pd

Palladium Oxide

PdO

Parylene

C8H8

Permalloy

Ni/Fe

Phosphorus

P

Phosphorus Nitride

P3N5

Platinum

Pt

Platinum Oxide

PtO2

Plutonium

Pu

Polonium

Po

Potassium

K

Potassium Bromide

KBr

Potassium Chloride

KCl

Potassium Fluoride

KF

Potassium Hydroxide

KOH

Potassium Iodide

KI

Praseodymium

Pr

Praseodymium Oxide

Pr2O3

Radium

Ra

Rhenium

Re

Rhenium Oxide

ReO3

Rhodium

Rh

Rubidium

Rb

Rubidium Chloride

RbCl

Rubidium Iodide

RbI

Ruthenium

Ru

Samarium

Sm

Samarium Oxide

Sm2O3

Samarium Sulfide

Sm2S3

Scandium

Sc

Scandium Oxide

Sc2O3

Selenium

Se

Silicon

Si

Silicon Boride

SiB6

Silicon Carbide

SiC

Silicon Nitride

Si3N4

Silicon (II) Oxide

SiO

Silicon (IV) Oxide

SiO2

Silicon Selenide

SiSe

Silicon Sulfide

SiS

Silicon Telluride

SiTe2

Silver

Ag

Silver Bromide

AgBr

Silver Chloride

AgCl

Silver Iodide

AgI

Sodium

Na

Sodium Bromide

NaBr

Sodium Chloride

NaCl

Sodium Cyanide

NaCN

Sodium Fluoride

NaF

Sodium Hydroxide

NaOH

Strontium

Sr

Strontium Chloride

SrCl2

Strontium Fluoride

SrF2

Strontium Oxide

SrO

Strontium Sulfide

SrS

Sulfur

S8

Supermalloy

Ni/Fe/Mo

Tantalum

Ta

Tantalum Boride

TaB2

Tantalum Carbide

TaC

Tantalum Nitride

TaN

Tantalum Pentoxide

Ta2O5

Tantalum Sulfide

TaS2

Technetium

Tc

Teflon

PTFE

Tellurium

Te

Terbium

Tb

Terbium Fluoride

TbF3

Terbium Oxide

Tb2O3

Terbium Peroxide

Tb4O7

Thallium

Tl

Thallium Bromide

TlBr

Thallium Chloride

TlCl

Thallium Iodide

TlI

Thallium Oxide

Tl2O2

Thorium

Th

Thorium Bromide

ThBr4

Thorium Carbide

ThC2

Thorium Fluoride

ThF4

Thorium Oxide

ThO2

Thorium Sulfide

ThS2

Thulium

Tm

Thulium Oxide

Tm2O3

Tin

Sn

Tin Oxide

SnO2

Tin Selenide

SnSe

Tin Sulfide

SnS

Tin Telluride

SnTe

Titanium

Ti

Titanium Boride

TiB2

Titanium Carbide

TiC

Titanium Nitride

TiN

Titanium (II) Oxide

TiO

Titanium (III) Oxide

Ti2O3

Titanium (IV) Oxide

TiO2

Tungsten

W

Tungsten Boride

WB2

Tungsten Carbide

W2C

Tungsten Disulfide

WS2

Tungsten Oxide

WO3

Tungsten Selenide

WSe2

Tungsten Silicide

WSi2

Tungsten Telluride

WTe3

Uranium

U

Uranium Carbide

UC2

Uranium Fluoride

UF4

Uranium (III) Oxide

U2O3

Uranium (IV) Oxide

UO2

Uranium Phosphide

UP2

Uranium (II) Sulfide

US

Uranium (IV) Sulfide

US2

Vanadium

V

Vanadium Boride

VB2

Vanadium Carbide

VC

Vanadium Nitride

VN

Vanadium (IV) Oxide

VO2

Vanadium (V) Oxide

V2O5

Vanadium Silicide

VSi2

Ytterbium

Yb

Ytterbium Fluoride

YbF3

Ytterbium Oxide

Yb2O3

Yttrium

Y

Yttrium Aluminum Oxide

Y3Al5O12

Yttrium Fluoride

YF3

Yttrium Oxide

Y2O3

Zinc

Zn

Zinc Antimonide

Zn3Sb2

Zinc Bromide

ZnBr2

Zinc Fluoride

ZnF2

Zinc Nitride

Zn3N2

Zinc Oxide

ZnO

Zinc Selenide

ZnSe

Zinc Sulfide

ZnS

Zinc Telluride

ZnTe

Zirconium

Zr

Zirconium Boride

ZrB2

Zirconium Carbide

ZrC

Zirconium Nitride

ZrN

Zirconium Oxide

ZrO2

Zirconium Silicate

ZrSiO4

Zirconium Silicide

ZrSi2

  • - ҷ,

<>

- (, ), ÷Ʈ (plate), Ʈ (sheet), (Ʈ, Ʈ), coil, Ʈ ( strip, band, ribbon), (ȣ foil), (roll), ũ (ũ disc, Ŭ, disk), ձ alloy sheet, Ŭ clad sheet, ͸Ÿ high purity sputtering target

- ( bar, ε rod), (ȯ round bar, 簢 square bar), pipe (Ʃ tube), ̾ ( wire ), ̾޽ wiremesh (޽ mesh, ޽, ޽ø mesh cloth), ձݺ alloy rod, welding electrod

- ring, bracket, ÷ fitting, н fastener, Ʈ bolt, Ʈ nut, rivet, screw, pin, ʶƮ filament, ̷ mirror, ǰ, ڽ box, ̽ case, ܵ ijн Ŀн capacitor, sleeve, ݻ reflector panel, (getter)

- crucible, ϶̳ crucible liner, è chamber, Ǹ cylinder, bowl, Ʈ boat, mould, block,

- Ż metal, ձݸŻ alloy metal, ձ, װƮ ingot, billet, 緿 pellet, ׷ granule,  Ĩ chip, ÷ũ flake, lump, 긮 briqutte, ball, sponge, ũ scrap, и Ŀ powder ֹ

 

ȥչ :
AlN, CeO2, CeCl3, Ce3 (CO3)3, Ce (NO3)3, Ce2 (CO3)3, Ce (OH)4, Ce (AC)3, CrN, Cr3C2, CrCN, Cs2CO3, CsCl, CsF, CsNO3, Cs2SO4, Dy2O3, Er2O3, Eu2O3, Gd2O3, Ho2O3, La2O3, LaCl3, La2 (CO3)2, Li2CO3, LiF, LiNO3, Lu2O3, MoSi, Nb2O5, NbC, Nd2O3, Nd2 (CO3)3, Pr6O11, Rb2CO3, Rb2SO4, RbCl, RbI, RbFSiN, Sm2O3,  Sc2O3, Ta2O5, TaN, TaC,Tb4O7, TiC, TiCN, TiH, TiN, Tm2O3, Yb2O3, Y2O3, Sm,Eu,Gd2O3, ZrC, ZrCN, ZrH, ZrN, ZrSi2.
: 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999%, 99.9999%.
: foil, sheet, wire, filament, rod, pipe, tube, powder, pellet, shot, wafer, plate, tablet, ingot, chunk, lump, granule, dendritic, crystal


(Nanometer Materials) :
CeO2 Nanometer Powder, Nd2O3 Nanometer Powder, Sm2O3 Nanometer Powder, Eu2O3 Nanometer Powder, Dy2O3 Nanometer Powder, Er2O3 Nanometer Powder, Y2O3 Nanometer Powder, Pr6O11 Nanometer Powder, -Sic Nanometer Powder, Si3N4 Nanometer Powder, -Si3N4 whisker Nanometer Powder, AlN Nanometer Powder
: 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999%, 99.9999%.
Granularity: D50:30-80nm

 

̽øŻ (Misch Metal) : 50 , 25 ź, 15 ׿, 10 Ÿ ݼӰ ö

 

 

ĭ (Scandium)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

 

 

Symbol 

Sc

Name

Scandium

Atomic Number 

21

Atomic Weight

45.956

Boiling Point (C)

2,832

Melting Point (C)

1,539

Density 

3

Heat Vapor

81

Heat Fusion

0.015

Electrical Conductivity

0.13

Thermal Conductivity 

0.015

Specific Heat Capacity

0.13

Electron Shell 

2,8,9,2

Orbital

3d1

ֱǥ 3A ϴ ϳ. 1879 ȭ L.F.Ҽ Ʈ ӿ ߰Ͽ, ĭ𳪺Ƹ Ͽ. ׷ ˷ ൨ ֱ 縦 īؼҿ ġϿ.

 

硽 , θ ϰ ִ. ֿ ƮŸƮ̸, ۿ ߼ Ʈ  ٷ Ǿ ִ. Ŭũ 50, ؼ 緮 0.004g/̴. Ư 뵵 ߰ ϰ ִ.

 

ȸ ݼ̸, 꿡 3 . ȭ ҿ , ⼺ Ͽ ˷̴ ̴. ȭ 꿰 ƼƮ꿰 , ȭ ȭ ÷ȭ ź꿰 꿰 λ꿰 , Ȳ꿰 ӿ Sc (SO4)33 ()̿ ȴ.

 

߿ ޿ ֽ ӿ Ҽ (1~2%) Ǿ ִ ε ֽ λ깰μ ´. ݼ , ȭĭ ȭĮ ƿ Ͽ ƿ-ĭձμ ϰ, ̰ ӿ Ͽ иŰ ȴ.

arrow17_R.gif ǰ : ĭ, ĭ, ݿ뽺ĭ, 뽺ĭ, ձݿ뽺ĭ, ĭŸ, ĭ, ĭ, ĭձ, ĭ̾, ĭ, ĭ, Al-Sc2%ձ, Al-Sc2%ΰ, ĭ, ĭ

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Scandium Acetate

Sc (O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Aluminium Alloy

ScAl

2%
1%

Scandium Carbonate

Sc2 (CO3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Chloride

ScCl3.xH2O

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Fluoride

ScF3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Hydroxide

Sc (OH)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Iodide

ScI3

99.95%

Scandium Metal

Sc

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Scandium Nitrate

Sc (NO3)3.6H2O

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Oxalate

Sc2 (C2O4)3.xH2O

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Oxide

Sc2O3

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

Scandium Sulfate

Sc2 (SO4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%

 

 

Ʈ (Yttrium)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

 

 

Symbol 

Y

Name

Yttrium

Atomic Number 

39

Atomic Weight

88.9059

Boiling Point(C)

3,337

Melting Point(C)

1,523

Density 

 

Heat Vapor

 

Heat Fusion

 

Electrical Conductivity

 

Thermal Conductivity 

 

Specific Heat Capacity

 

Electron Shell 

2,8,18,9,2

Orbital

4d1

ֱǥ A3 ϴ . 1788 Ȧ ٱ ׸񿡼 ߰ߵ κ 1794 ɶ J. ο ȭ ϰ, ̰ ̸ ׸ƶ Ͽ. 1843⿡ ̰ ٽ C.G. Ʈơ׸ơƷ зϰ, Ʈƿ Ҹ ߰Ͽ. ֿ ƮƮŸ ̴.

ݼ̸, (ڪ) ȭ ȭƮ ϰ ϸ . ݼ ߿ ǥ ȭǰ, 47ɿ ȭ()Ѵ. ߰ſ صǰ, 꿡 Į ʴ´. ߿ ȭչ Ʈ зȴ. 

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Yttrium Acetate

Y(O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Carbonate

Y2(CO3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Chloride

YCl3.xH2O

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Fluoride

YF3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Hydroxide

Y(OH)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Metal

Y

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Nitrate

Y(NO3)3.6H2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Octoate

Y(C8H15O2)2

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Oxalate

Y2(C2O4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Oxide

Y2O3

99.9999%
99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Yttrium Sulfate

Y2(SO4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

 

 

ź, Ÿ(Lanthanum)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

 

 

Symbol 

La

Name

Lanthanum

Atomic Number 

57

Atomic Weight

138.91

Boiling Point(C)

3,469

Melting Point(C)

920

Density 

6.17

Heat Vapor

96

Heat Fusion

1.5

Electrical Conductivity

0.017

Thermal Conductivity 

0.033

Specific Heat Capacity

0.045

Electron Shell 

2,8,18,18,9,2

Orbital

5d1

ֱǥ 3A ϴ . 1839 ȭ C.G.굥 ߰Ͽµ, ȭ ó иϿ ߾ ִٴ 濡 ׸ lantanein(߾ ִٴ ) ̴. ֿ Ʈ ȸ߼() Ʈ ̸, Ŭũ 0.0018(35), ߿ ̾ dz ̴.

ּ ݼ̴. ߿ θ ȸ . ּ ܴϰ ƿ . ణ () , () . ߿ 445ɿ Ѵ. ҷΰհ ϸ, ϸ ҳ ҿ͵ Ѵ. , ߰ſ ż Ͽ ȭ Ǿ Ҹ ߻Ѵ. (Ѧ߫) ´. ȭ 3̸, ȭչ ڱ(Ѩ) ҰѴ. ȭ ˷̴ , ̰ ˷̴ з ʴ 15Ҵ 4f ̱̿ ̴.

ȭź ȭĮ ÷ȭĮ ؿ ϰų ȭź () ؾĮݼӰ Ű , 99.86% .

뵵 Ű ˷̴ Ǵ ׳׽ձ  ÷μ ȴ. ȭձ(ۡ) ̳ μ ȴ. 

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Lanthanum Acetate

La(O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Boride

LaB6

99.9%
99%
98%

Lanthanum Carbonate

La2(CO3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Chloride

LaCl3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Fluoride

LaF3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Hydroxide

La(OH)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Metal

La

99.99%
99.9%
99%
99%

Lanthanum Nitrate

La(NO3)3.6H2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Oxalate

La2(C2O4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Oxide

La2O3

99.999%
99.995%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Lanthanum Sulfate

La2(SO4)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

 

 

(Cerium)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

ĭ :: Ʈ :: ź :: :: ׿ ::

 

 

Symbol 

Ce

Name

Cerium

Atomic Number 

58

Atomic Weight

140.12

Boiling Point (C)

3,257

Melting Point (C)

795

Density 

6.67

Heat Vapor

95

Heat Fusion

1.2

Electrical Conductivity

0.013

Thermal Conductivity 

0.026

Specific Heat Capacity

0.042

Electron Shell 

2,8,18,20,8,2

Orbital

4f2

ֱǥ 3A ϴ ϳ. ź̴. 1803 J.콺 (Ŀ Ʈ ) ο ȭ ߰ϰ, ׺ 2 ߰ߵ ༺ ̸ ( ȭ Ѵ) Ͽ. , 콺ʹ M.H.ŬƮ ߰Ͽ. ߿ ٷ ϸ, ֿ δ ƮƮ縶īƮ ִ. Ŭũ 28̴.

öȸ (˼) ݼ. , ּٴ ܴϰ ƿٴ ϴ. 2 ° ִµ, , Թ̴. ߿ ȭǾ, 160ɿ Ѵ. ߰ſ ۿϿ Ҹ ߻Ѵ. 꿡 ´. ȭչ ڰ 3 4 ̸, 3 ȭչ .

δ ᱤ Ȳ꿰μ ȥչ ϰ, ̰ ̿±ȯ Ǵ 꿰μ и , ȭ ̰ ȭĮ ؿ ؿ ݼ ´. ݼ 99.699.9% ̸µ, ٽ ȭ Ʒ, Ǵ Ƹ ӿ ü Įݼӿ Ͽ ִ.

뵵 ȭձ (ۡ)μ 뵵 κ̾, ֱٿ ձμ 뵵 , öö  ÷ϴ ܿ, ˷̴ձݡ׳׽ձݡձ öݼӿ ÷Ͽ ϴ ǰ ִ. 

̽øŻ (mischmetal)

̽øŻ 50%, Ÿ (La) 25%, ׿ (Nd) 17%, 󼼿 (Pr) 5% ִ. ֱٿ ׿Ű 󼼿 䰡 ̵ ݼ иϱ⵵ ϴµ, ̵ иϰ ̽øŻ 65%, Ÿ 35% ִ.

 

ǰ : , , ݿ뼼, 뼼, ձݿ뼼, ̽Ż (Misch metal), ̽øŻΰ, , , ,

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Grade

Cerium Acetate

Ce (O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Ammonium Nitrate

(NH4)2Ce (NO3)6

99.99%
99.95%
99.9%

Cerium Ammonium Sulfate

Ce (NH4)4 (SO4)4.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Carbonate

Ce2 (CO3)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.95%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Chloride

CeCl3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Fluoride

CeF3

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Hydroxide

Ce (OH)4.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Iodide

CeI3

99.95%

Cerium Metal

Ce

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Mischmetal

Ce

48%
48%
48%
60%

Cerium Nitrate

Ce (NO3)3.6H2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Octoate

Ce (C7H15COO)2

99.9%
99%

Cerium Oxalate

Ce2 (C2O4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Oxide

CeO2

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Oxide Polishing Powder

CeO2

 

Cerium Phosphate

CePO4.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Sulfate

Ce (SO4)2.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Cerium Sparking Flint

Ce

 

 

 

׿ (Neodymium)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

 

 

Symbol 

Nd

Name

Neodymium

Atomic Number 

60

Atomic Weight

144.24

Boiling Point(C)

3,127

Melting Point(C)

1010

Density 

7

Heat Vapor

69

Heat Fusion

1.7

Electrical Conductivity

0.013

Thermal Conductivity 

0.031

Specific Heat Capacity

0.045

Electron Shell 

2,8,18,22,8,2

Orbital

4f4

ֱǥ 3A ϴ ϳ. ׿(neodym)̶ Ѵ. ֿ Ʈ Ʈ Ʈ , ׻ ٸ Ҹ Ѵ. Ŭũ( ) 0.0022 33̰, ٴ幰 0.009 g/̴. 1885 Ʈ C.A.尡 ߰Ͽµ, ״ ׶ Ҷ Ǿ (didym) 2 иϴ Ͽ, ϳ Ӵٴ ׸ ׿(neos) ׿̶ Ͽ, Ŀ ̰ ٿ ׿̶ ϰ Ǿ.

ݼ, ڴ ֹа(۰̫)̸, ߿ û ȸ ȴ. ְ, ߰ſ ۿϿ Ҹ ߻Ѵ. ҷΰհ ȭϸ, 꿡 ´. ȭչ 3̰, 밳 Ǵ ̴. ȭ ؿ()ϰų Į ݼ ȯŰ ݼ ִ. ׿ ̽Ż  ȴ.  

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Neodymium Acetate

Nd(O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Carbonate

Nd2(CO3)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Chloride

NdCl3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Fluoride

NdF3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Hydroxide

Nd(OH)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Iodide

NdI3

99.95%

Neodymium Metal

Nd

99.99%
99.9%
99%
80%

Neodymium Nitrate

Nd(NO3)3.6H2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Oxalate

Nd2(C2O4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Oxide

Nd2O3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Neodymium Sulfate

Nd2(SO4)3.xH2O

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

 

 

縶 (Samarium)

, Ʈ, , , , ̾

- ü -

 

 

Symbol 

Sm

Name

Samarium

Atomic Number 

62

Atomic Weight

150.35

Boiling Point (C)

1,900

Melting Point (C)

1,072

Density 

7,54

Heat Vapor

46

Heat Fusion

2.1

Electrical Conductivity

0.011

Thermal Conductivity 

- -

Specific Heat Capacity

0.042

Electron Shell 

2,8,18,24,8,2

Orbital

4f6

ֱǥ 3A ϴ ϳ. 1879 ȭ L.ξƺ 縶īƮ ߰Ͽ, ߰ S.縶Ű ̸ Ͽ. ֿ 縶īƮ ܿ ƮƮ ̸, ӿ ҿ Բ ҷ ȴ. Ŭũ 44̴. Ȳ ȸ ݼ ܴϸ鼭 μ. ߰ſ ۿϿ Ҹ ߻ϰ 꿡 ´. 200400ɷ ϸ ȭ ȴ.

2 3 ȭչ µ, 2 Ҿϰ, 3 Ȳ̸ ̿¹ 1.13̴. ȭ Ǵ Įݼ ȯŰ ü (Ӥ) . õ ϴ ߿ 縶 147147Sm ر ϹǷ ڿ . ݰ 1.41011̴.  

arrow17_R.gif ǰ : 縶, 縶, ݿ縶, 縶, ձݿ縶, 縶Ÿ, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶Ʈ, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶

 

ǰ

ȭн, ȣ

Samarium Acetate

Sm (O2C2H3)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Carbonate

Sm2 (CO3)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Chloride

SmCl3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Fluoride

SmF3

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Hydroxide

Sm (OH)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Metal

Sm

99.99%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Nitrate

Sm (NO3)3.6H2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Oxalate

Sm2 (C2O4)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Oxide

Sm2O3

99.999%
99.99%
99.9%
99%

Samarium Sulfate

Sm2 (SO4)3.xH2O

99.99%
99.9%
99%

  • - ҷ,

 

縶, 縶, ݿ縶, 縶, ձݿ縶, 縶Ÿ, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶Ʈ, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶, 縶

<>

- (, ), ÷Ʈ (plate), Ʈ (sheet), (Ʈ, Ʈ), coil, Ʈ ( strip, band, ribbon), (ȣ foil), (roll), ũ (ũ disc, Ŭ, disk), ձ alloy sheet, Ŭ clad sheet, ͸Ÿ high purity sputtering target

- ( bar, ε rod), (ȯ round bar, 簢 square bar), pipe (Ʃ tube), ̾ ( wire ), ̾޽ wiremesh (޽ mesh, ޽, ޽ø mesh cloth), ձݺ alloy rod, welding electrod

- ring, bracket, ÷ fitting, н fastener, Ʈ bolt, Ʈ nut, rivet, screw, pin, ʶƮ filament, ̷ mirror, ǰ, ڽ box, ̽ case, ܵ ijн Ŀн capacitor, sleeve, ݻ reflector panel, (getter)

- crucible, ϶̳ crucible liner, è chamber, Ǹ cylinder, bowl, Ʈ boat, mould, block,

- Ż metal, ձݸŻ alloy metal, ձ, װƮ ingot, billet, 緿 pellet, ׷ granule,  Ĩ chip, ÷ũ flake, lump, 긮 briqutte, ball, sponge, ũ scrap, и Ŀ powder

 

, Ƿ, Ưݼ

ƼŸ//ֽ/굧/źŻ/ڴ/Ͽ//͸Ÿ/

ε/̸/ũ/ڹƮ//ٳ/ȶ/

, , , (ȯ/簢), ̾, Ʃ, , ͸Ÿ

 

koralco corp.bmp

Al

Mg

Ti

Ni

W

Mo

Ta

Nb

Zr

Hf

In

Ir

Cr

Co

Re

V

Pd

Pt

Ag

Au

Cu

Mn

Sn

Zn

Pb

Si

Fe

Bi

Ge

Sc

Rh

Se

Sr

Y

Te

Ba

La

Ce

Pr

Nd

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

 

ƼŸ, ƼŸ, ƼŸ, ƼŸ, ƼŸ̾, ƼŸ, Ƿ, ġƼŸ, Ƿ, ġƼŸ, Ƿ, ġƼŸũ, , , , ̺, ̿̾, , ֽ, ֽ, ֽ, ֽٺ, ֽٿ̾, ֽ, ֽٵ, ֽٺƮ, 굧, 굧, 굧, 굧, 굧̾, 굧, 굧, 굧Ǹ, 굧޽, 굧Ʈ, TZM, TZM, TZM, TZM̾, źŻ, źŻ, źŻ, źŻ, źŻ̾, źŻ, źŻи, źŻƮ, ڴ, ڴ, ڴ, ڴ, ڴ̾, ڴ, ڴ, Ͽ, Ͽ, Ͽ, Ͽ, Ͽ̾, Ͽ, , , , , ̾, , ̸, ̸, ̸, ̸̾, ε, ε, ε, ε̾, εũ, ITOŸ, ڹƮ, ڹƮ, ڹƮŸ, , , ÷Ʈ, п, Ŭ, ̷, ȣ, Ʈ, , ĭձ, 縶, 縶, ˷̴ձ (Al-Sc2%), ׳׽ձ, Co-Cr-Mo ձ Ƿ, ġ öƮ (implant), ڴ, ̽Ż


װۿ, ݵü, ű, п, ڷ¿, , ۿ, ǰ, , , ÿ, ݿ, ձݿ, ¿, ó, Ŀ, Ƿ, ġ, , , , ذ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ϲݻ پ 뵵

 

ձݿ Ż - ձݿ ˷̴Ż (ձݿ AlŻ), ձݿ ʰ淮 ׳׽Ż (ձݿ MgŻ), ձݿ Ƽź, ƼŸŻ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIŻ), ձݿ ̸Ż (ձݿ NiŻ), ձݿ ¿ ֽٸŻ (ձݿ wŻ), ձݿ ¿ , ¿ 굧Ż (Mo, TZMŻ), ձݿ źŻ, źŻŻ (ձݿ TaŻ), ձݿ Ͽ, ϿŻ (ձݿ NbŻ), ձݿ ڴŻ (ձݿ ZrŻ), ձݿ Ż (ձݿ HfŻ), ձݿ ٳŻ (ձݿ VŻ), ձݿ ũ (ձݿ CrŻ), ձݿ (ձݿ MnŻ), ձݿ ڹƮŻ (ձݿ CoŻ), ձݿ Ż (ձݿ CuŻ), ձݿ ¡ũŻ (ձݿ ZnŻ), ձݿ ȶŻ (ձݿ PdŻ), ձݿ Ż (ձݿ AgŻ), ձݿ εŻ (In, ITOŻ), ձݿ ּŻ (ձݿ SnŻ), ձݿ ̸Ż (ձݿ IrŻ), ձݿ ݸŻ (ձݿ PtŻ), ձݿ ݸŻ (ձݿ AuŻ), ձݿ Ż (ձݿ PbŻ), ûŻ (BronzeŻ), ȲŻ (BrassŻ), ũҸŻ (Ni-CrŻ), öũҸŻ (Fe-CrŻ), Cu-NiŻ (Cu-NiŻ), 縶Ż (SmŻ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ձݷ - ˷̴ձ ( Alձ ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ձ (Mgձ ), Ƽź, ƼŸձ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIձ ), ձ (Niձ ڳ ), ¿ ֽձ (Wձ ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ձ (Mo, TZMձ ), źŻ, źŻձ (Taձ ), Ͽ, Ͽձ (Nbձ ), ڴձ (Zrձ ), ձ (Hfձ ), ٳձ (Vձ ), ũձ (Crձ ), ձ (Mnձ ), ڹƮձ (Coձ ), ձ (Cuձ ), ¡ũձ (Znձ ), ȶձ (Pdձ ), ձ (Agձ ), εձ (In, ITOձ ), ּձ (Snձ ), ̸ձ (Irձ ), ձ (Ptձ ), ձ (Auձ ), ձ (Pbձ ), ûձ (Bronzeձ ), Ȳձ (Brassձ ), ũձ (Ni-Crձ ), öũձ (Fe-Crձ ), Cu-Niձ (Cu-Niձ ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ձǷ - ˷̴ձ ( Alձ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ձ (Mgձ), Ƽź, ƼŸձ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIձ), ձ (Niձ ڳ), ¿ ֽձ (Wձ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ձ (Mo, TZMձ), źŻ, źŻձ (Taձ), Ͽ, Ͽձ (Nbձ), ڴձ (Zrձ), ձ (Hfձ), ٳձ (Vձ), ũձ (Crձ), ձ (Mnձ), ڹƮձ (Coձ), ձ (Cuձ), ¡ũձ (Znձ), ȶձ (Pdձ), ձ (Agձ), εձ (In, ITOձ), ּձ (Snձ), ̸ձ (Irձ), ձ (Ptձ), ձ (Auձ), ձ (Pbձ), ûձ (Bronzeձ), Ȳձ (Brassձ), ũձ (Ni-Crձ), öũձ (Fe-Crձ), Cu-Niձ (Cu-Niձ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

, ÷Ʈ - ˷̴, ÷Ʈ ( Al, ÷Ʈ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg, ÷Ʈ), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI, ÷Ʈ), (Niձ ڳ, ÷Ʈ), ¿ ֽ (w, ÷Ʈ), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM, ÷Ʈ), źŻ, źŻ (Ta, ÷Ʈ), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb, ÷Ʈ), ڴ (Zr702, ÷Ʈ), (Hf, ÷Ʈ), ٳ (V, ÷Ʈ), ũ (Cr, ÷Ʈ), (Mn, ÷Ʈ), ڹƮ (Co, ÷Ʈ), (Cu, ÷Ʈ), ¡ũ (Zn, ÷Ʈ), ȶ (Pd, ÷Ʈ), (Ag, ÷Ʈ), ε (In, ITO, ÷Ʈ), ּ (Sn, ÷Ʈ), ̸ (Ir, ÷Ʈ), (Pt, ÷Ʈ), (Au, ÷Ʈ), (Pb, ÷Ʈ), û (Bronze, ÷Ʈ), Ȳ (Brass, ÷Ʈ), ũ (Ni-Cr, ÷Ʈ), öũ (Fe-Cr, ÷Ʈ), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni, ÷Ʈ), 縶, ÷Ʈ (Sm, ÷Ʈ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

г, dzڷ - ˷̴г, dz ( Alг, dz), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mgг, dz), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIг, dz), (Niձг, dz), ¿ ֽ (wг, dz), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZMг, dz), źŻ, źŻ (Taг, dz), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nbг, dz), ڴ (Zr702г, dz), (Hfг, dz), ٳ (Vг, dz), ũ (Crг, dz), (Mnг, dz), ڹƮ (Coг, dz), (Cuг, dz), ¡ũ (Znг, dz), ȶ (Pdг, dz), (Agг, dz), ε (In, ITOг, dz), ּ (Snг, dz), ̸ (Irг, dz), (Ptг, dz), (Auг, dz), (Pbг, dz), û (Bronzeг, dz), Ȳ (Brassг, dz), ũ (Ni-Crг, dz), öũ (Fe-Crг, dz), Cu-Ni (Cu-Niг, dz), 縶г, dz (Smг, dz) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ʈ, Ʈ - ˷̴Ʈ, Ʈ ( AlƮ, Ʈ), ʰ淮 ׳׽Ʈ, Ʈ (MgƮ, Ʈ), Ƽź, ƼŸƮ, Ʈ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIƮ, Ʈ), ̽Ʈ, Ʈ (Niձ ڳڽƮ, Ʈ), ¿ ֽٽƮ, Ʈ (wƮ, Ʈ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʈ, Ʈ (Mo, TZMƮ, Ʈ), źŻ, źŻƮ, Ʈ (TaƮ, Ʈ), Ͽ, ϿƮ, Ʈ (NbƮ, Ʈ), ڴƮ, Ʈ (Zr702Ʈ, Ʈ), Ʈ, Ʈ (HfƮ, Ʈ), ٳƮ, Ʈ (VƮ, Ʈ), ũҽƮ, Ʈ (CrƮ, Ʈ), Ʈ, Ʈ (MnƮ, Ʈ), ڹƮƮ, Ʈ (CoƮ, Ʈ), Ʈ, Ʈ (CuƮ, Ʈ), ¡ũƮ, Ʈ (ZnƮ, Ʈ), ȶƮ, Ʈ (PdƮ, Ʈ), Ʈ, Ʈ (AgƮ, Ʈ), εƮ, Ʈ (In, ITOƮ, Ʈ), ּƮ, Ʈ (SnƮ, Ʈ), ̸Ʈ, Ʈ (IrƮ, Ʈ), ݽƮ, Ʈ (PtƮ, Ʈ), ݽƮ, Ʈ (AuƮ, Ʈ), Ʈ, Ʈ (PbƮ, Ʈ), ûƮ, Ʈ (BronzeƮ, Ʈ), ȲƮ, Ʈ (BrassƮ, Ʈ), ũҽƮ, Ʈ (Ni-CrƮ, Ʈ), öũҽƮ, Ʈ (Fe-CrƮ, Ʈ), Cu-NiƮ, Ʈ (Cu-NiƮ, Ʈ), 縶Ʈ, Ʈ (SmƮ, Ʈ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ƮǷ - ˷̴Ʈ ( AlƮ), ʰ淮 ׳׽Ʈ (MgƮ), Ƽź, ƼŸƮ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIƮ), ̽Ʈ (Niձ ڳڽƮ), ¿ ֽٽƮ (wƮ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʈ (Mo, TZMƮ), źŻ, źŻƮ (TaƮ), Ͽ, ϿƮ (NbƮ), ڴƮ (Zr702Ʈ), Ʈ (HfƮ), ٳƮ (VƮ), ũҽƮ (CrƮ), Ʈ (MnƮ), ڹƮƮ (CoƮ), Ʈ (CuƮ), ¡ũƮ (ZnƮ), ȶƮ (PdƮ), Ʈ (AgƮ), εƮ (In, ITOƮ), ּƮ (SnƮ), ̸Ʈ (IrƮ), ݽƮ (PtƮ), ݽƮ (AuƮ), Ʈ (PbƮ), ûƮ (BronzeƮ), ȲƮ (BrassƮ), ũҽƮ (Ni-CrƮ), öũҽƮ (Fe-CrƮ), Cu-NiƮ (Cu-NiƮ), 縶Ʈ (SmƮ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ƿ - ˷̴, ( Al, ), ʰ淮 ׳׽, (Mg, ), Ƽź, ƼŸ, (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI, ), ̹, (Niձ ڳڹ, ), ¿ ֽٹ, (w, ), ¿ , ¿ 굧, (Mo, TZM, ), źŻ, źŻ, (Ta, ), Ͽ, Ͽ, (Nb, ), ڴ, (Zr702, ), , (Hf, ), ٳ, (V, ), ũҹ, (Cr, ), , (Mn, ), ڹƮ, (Co, ), , (Cu, ), ¡ũ, (Zn, ), ȶ, (Pd, ), , (Ag, ), ε, (In, ITO, ), ּ, (Sn, ), ̸, (Ir, ), ݹ, (Pt, ), ݹ, (Au, ), , (Pb, ), û, (Bronze, ), Ȳ, (Brass, ), ũҹ, (Ni-Cr, ), öũҹ, (Fe-Cr, ), Cu-Ni, (Cu-Ni, ), 縶, (Sm, ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ȣϷ - ˷̴ȣ ( Alȣ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ȣ (Mgȣ), Ƽź, ƼŸȣ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIȣ), ȣ (Niձ ڳȣ), ¿ ֽȣ (wȣ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ȣ (Mo, TZMȣ), źŻ, źŻȣ (Taȣ), Ͽ, Ͽȣ (Nbȣ), ڴȣ (Zr702ȣ), ȣ (Hfȣ), ٳȣ (Vȣ), ũȣ (Crȣ), ȣ (Mnȣ), ڹƮȣ (Coȣ), ȣ (Cuȣ), ¡ũȣ (Znȣ), ȶȣ (Pdȣ), ȣ (Agȣ), εȣ (In, ITOȣ), ּȣ (Snȣ), ̸ȣ (Irȣ), ȣ (Ptȣ), ȣ (Auȣ), ȣ (Pbȣ), ûȣ (Bronzeȣ), Ȳȣ (Brassȣ), ũȣ (Ni-Crȣ), öũȣ (Fe-Crȣ), Cu-Niȣ (Cu-Niȣ), 縶ȣ (Smȣ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ϸ - ˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), (Niձ ڳ), ¿ ֽ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ (Pd), (Ag), ε (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸ (Ir), (Pt), (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũ (Ni-Cr), öũ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni), 縶 (Sm) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ʈ, , - ˷̴Ʈ, , ( AlƮ, , ), ʰ淮 ׳׽Ʈ, , (MgƮ, , ), Ƽź, ƼŸƮ, , (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIƮ, , ), ̽Ʈ, , (Niձ ڳڽƮ, , ), ¿ ֽٽƮ, , (wƮ, , ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʈ, , (Mo, TZMƮ, , ), źŻ, źŻƮ, , (TaƮ, , ), Ͽ, Ͽ罺Ʈ, , (NbƮ, , ), ڴƮ, , (Zr702Ʈ, , ), Ʈ, , (HfƮ, , ), ٳ㽺Ʈ, , (VƮ, , ), ũҽƮ, , (CrƮ, , ), Ʈ, , (MnƮ, , ), ڹƮƮ, , (CoƮ, , ), Ʈ, , (CuƮ, , ), ¡ũƮ, , (ZnƮ, , ), ȶ㽺Ʈ, , (PdƮ, , ), Ʈ, , (AgƮ, , ), ε㽺Ʈ, , (In, ITOƮ, , ), ּƮ, , (SnƮ, , ), ̸㽺Ʈ, , (IrƮ, , ), ݽƮ, , (PtƮ, , ), ݽƮ, , (AuƮ, , ), Ʈ, , (PbƮ, , ), ûƮ, , (BronzeƮ, , ), ȲƮ, , (BrassƮ, , ), ũҽƮ, , (Ni-CrƮ, , ), öũҽƮ, , (Fe-CrƮ, , ), Cu-NiƮ, , (Cu-NiƮ, , ), 縶Ʈ, , (SmƮ, , ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ϸ -˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), (Niձ ڳ), ¿ ֽ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ (Pd), (Ag), ε (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸ (Ir), (Pt), (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũ (Ni-Cr), öũ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni), 縶 (Sm) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ȯ -˷̴ȯ ( Alȯ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ȯ (Mgȯ), Ƽź, ƼŸȯ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIȯ), ȯ (Niձ ڳȯ), ¿ ֽȯ (wȯ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ȯ (Mo, TZMȯ), źŻ, źŻȯ (Taȯ), Ͽ, Ͽȯ (Nbȯ), ڴȯ (Zr702ȯ), ȯ (Hfȯ), ٳȯ (Vȯ), ũȯ (Crȯ), ȯ (Mnȯ), ڹƮȯ (Coȯ), ȯ (Cuȯ), ¡ũȯ (Znȯ), ȶȯ (Pdȯ), ȯ (Agȯ), εȯ (In, ITOȯ), ּȯ (Snȯ), ̸ȯ (Irȯ), ȯ (Ptȯ), ȯ (Auȯ), ȯ (Pbȯ), ûȯ (Bronzeȯ), Ȳȯ (Brassȯ), ũȯ (Ni-Crȯ), öũȯ (Fe-Crȯ), Cu-Niȯ (Cu-Niȯ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

-˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), ̺ (Niձ ڳں), ¿ ֽٺ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũҺ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ (Pd), (Ag), ε (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸ (Ir), ݺ (Pt), ݺ (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũҺ (Ni-Cr), öũҺ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni) Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

- ˹̴ ( Al), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), ̿ (Niձ ڳڿ), ¿ ֽٿ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ϸ- Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), ̺ (Niձ ڳں), ¿ ֽٺ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ʈ, Ʈ, , - Ƽź, ƼŸƮ, Ʈ, , (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIƮ, Ʈ, , ), ̺Ʈ, Ʈ, , (Niձ ڳںƮ, Ʈ, , ), ¿ ֽٺƮ, Ʈ, , (wƮ, Ʈ, , ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʈ, Ʈ, , (Mo, TZMƮ, Ʈ, , ), źŻ, źŻƮ, Ʈ, , (TaƮ, Ʈ, , ), Ͽ, Ͽ纼Ʈ, Ʈ, , (NbƮ, Ʈ, , ), ڴƮ, Ʈ, , (Zr702Ʈ, Ʈ, , ), Ʈ, Ʈ, , (HfƮ, Ʈ, , ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

̾޽, ޽÷- Ƽź, ƼŸ̾޽, ޽ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI̾޽, ޽), ̿̾޽, ޽ (Niձ ڳڿ̾޽, ޽), ¿ ֽٿ̾޽, ޽ (w̾޽, ޽), ¿ , ¿ 굧̾޽, ޽ (Mo, TZM̾޽, ޽), źŻ, źŻ̾޽, ޽ (Ta̾޽, ޽), Ͽ, Ͽ̾޽, ޽ (Nb̾޽, ޽), ڴ̾޽, ޽ (Zr702̾޽, ޽), ̾޽, ޽ (Hf̾޽, ޽) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

޽, ޽ø- Ƽź, ƼŸ޽, ޽ø (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI޽, ޽ø), ̸޽, ޽ø (Niձ ڳڸ޽, ޽ø), ¿ ֽٸ޽, ޽ø (w޽, ޽ø), ¿ , ¿ 굧޽, ޽ø (Mo, TZM޽, ޽ø), źŻ, źŻ޽, ޽ø (Ta޽, ޽ø), Ͽ, Ͽ޽, ޽ø (Nb޽, ޽ø), ڴ޽, ޽ø (Zr702޽, ޽ø), ޽, ޽ø (Hf޽, ޽ø) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

- ˹̴ ( Al), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), ̼ (Niձ ڳڼ), ¿ ֽټ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ڽ ̽- ˹̴ڽ, ̽ ( Alڽ, ̽), Ƽź, ƼŸڽ, ̽ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIڽ, ̽), ̹ڽ, ̽ (Niձ ڳڹڽ, ̽), ¿ ֽٹڽ, ̽ (wڽ, ̽), ¿ , ¿ 굧ڽ, ̽ (Mo, TZMڽ, ̽), źŻ, źŻڽ, ̽ (Taڽ, ̽), Ͽ, Ͽڽ, ̽ (Nbڽ, ̽), ڴڽ, ̽ (Zr702ڽ, ̽), ڽ, ̽ (Hfڽ, ̽) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ǰ- Ƽź, ƼŸǰ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIǰ), ̺ǰ (Niձ ڳںǰ), ¿ ֽٺǰ (wǰ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ǰ (Mo, TZMǰ), źŻ, źŻǰ (Taǰ), Ͽ, Ͽǰ (Nbǰ), ڴǰ (Zr702ǰ), ǰ (Hfǰ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ũ, ŬǷ -˷̴ũ, Ŭ ( Alũ, Ŭ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ũ, Ŭ (Mgũ, Ŭ), Ƽź, ƼŸũ, Ŭ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIũ, Ŭ), ̵ũ, Ŭ (Niձ ڳڵũ, Ŭ), ¿ ֽٵũ, Ŭ (wũ, Ŭ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ũ, Ŭ (Mo, TZMũ, Ŭ), źŻ, źŻũ, Ŭ (Taũ, Ŭ), Ͽ, Ͽũ, Ŭ (Nbũ, Ŭ), ڴũ, Ŭ (Zr702ũ, Ŭ), ũ, Ŭ (Hfũ, Ŭ), ٳũ, Ŭ (Vũ, Ŭ), ũҵũ, Ŭ (Crũ, Ŭ), ũ, Ŭ (Mnũ, Ŭ), ڹƮũ, Ŭ (Coũ, Ŭ), ũ, Ŭ (Cuũ, Ŭ), ¡ũũ, Ŭ (Znũ, Ŭ), ȶũ, Ŭ (Pdũ, Ŭ), ũ, Ŭ (Agũ, Ŭ), εũ, Ŭ (In, ITOũ, Ŭ), ּũ, Ŭ (Snũ, Ŭ), ̸ũ, Ŭ (Irũ, Ŭ), ݵũ, Ŭ (Ptũ, Ŭ), ݵũ, Ŭ (Auũ, Ŭ), ũ, Ŭ (Pbũ, Ŭ), ûũ, Ŭ (Bronzeũ, Ŭ), Ȳũ, Ŭ (Brassũ, Ŭ), ũҵũ, Ŭ (Ni-Crũ, Ŭ), öũҵũ, Ŭ (Fe-Crũ, Ŭ), Cu-Niũ, Ŭ (Cu-Niũ, Ŭ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

-˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), ̸ (Niձ ڳڸ), ¿ ֽٸ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ縵 (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ㸵 (V), ũҸ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ㸵 (Pd), (Ag), ε㸵 (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸㸵 (Ir), ݸ (Pt), ݸ (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũҸ (Ni-Cr), öũҸ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ϸ - ̵ (Ni), ¿ ֽٵ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ絵 (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ㵵 (V), ũҵ (Cr), ȶ㵵 (Pd), ̸㵵 (Ir), ݵ (Pt) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ϸ - ̺ (Ni), ¿ ֽٺ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũҺ (Cr), ȶ (Pd), ̸ (Ir), ݺ (Pt) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

- ̱ (Ni), ¿ ֽٱ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũұ (Cr), ȶ (Pd), ̸ (Ir), ݱ (Pt) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ǹ, - ̽Ǹ, (NiǸ, ), ¿ ֽٽǸ, (wǸ, ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ǹ, (Mo, TZMǸ, ), źŻ, źŻǸ, (TaǸ, ), Ͽ, ϿǸ, (NbǸ, ), ڴǸ, (Zr702Ǹ, ), Ǹ, (HfǸ, ), ٳǸ, (VǸ, ), ũҽǸ, (CrǸ, ), ȶǸ, (PdǸ, ), ̸Ǹ, (IrǸ, ), ݽǸ, (PtǸ, ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ʈ - ¿ ֽٺƮ (wƮ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʈ (Mo, TZMƮ), źŻ, źŻƮ (TaƮ, Ͽ, Ͽ纸Ʈ (NbƮ), ڴƮ (Zr702Ʈ), Ʈ (HfƮ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ʶƮ - ¿ ֽʶƮ (wʶƮ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ʶƮ (Mo, TZMʶƮ), źŻ, źŻʶƮ (TaʶƮ, Ͽ, ϿʶƮ (NbʶƮ), ڴʶƮ (Zr702ʶƮ), ʶƮ (HfʶƮ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

̾ -˷̴ ( Al wire, ˷̴̾), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg wire, ʰ淮 ׳׽̾), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI wire, Ƽź, ƼŸ̾), ̼ (Ni wire, ̿̾/ ձݿ̾), ¿ ֽټ (w wire, ¿ ֽٿ̾), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM wire, ¿ , ¿ 굧̾), źŻ, źŻ (Ta wire, źŻ, źŻ̾), Ͽ, Ͽ缱 (Nb wire, Ͽ, Ͽ̾), ڴ (Zr702 wire, ڴ̾), (Hf wire, ̾), ٳ㼱 (V wire, ٳ̾), ũҼ (Cr wire, ũҿ̾), (Mn wire, ̾), ڹƮ (Co wire, ڹƮ̾), (Cu wire, ̾/ձݿ̾), ¡ũ (Zn wire, ¡ũ̾), ȶ㼱 (Pd wire, ȶ̾), (Ag wire, ǹ̾), ε㼱 (In, ITO wire, ε̾), ּ (Sn wire, ּ̾), ̸㼱 (Ir wire, ̸̾), ݼ (Pt wire, ݿ̾), ݼ (Au wire,̾), (Pb wire, ̾), û (Bronze wire, û̾), Ȳ (Brass wire, Ȳ̾), ũҼ (Ni-Cr wire, Nichrome), öũҼ (Fe-Cr wire), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni wire) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

-˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELI), (Niձ ڳ), ¿ ֽ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr702), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ (Pd), (Ag), ε (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸ (Ir), (Pt), (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũ (Ni-Cr), öũ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ʃ -˷̴Ʃ ( AlƩ), ʰ淮 ׳׽Ʃ (MgƩ), Ƽź, ƼŸƩ (Ƿ, ġ, ö Ti, ELIƩ), Ʃ (Niձ ڳƩ), ¿ ֽƩ (wƩ), ¿ , ¿ 굧Ʃ (Mo, TZMƩ), źŻ, źŻƩ (TaƩ), Ͽ, ϿƩ (NbƩ), ڴƩ (Zr702Ʃ), Ʃ (HfƩ), ٳƩ (VƩ), ũƩ (CrƩ), Ʃ (MnƩ), ڹƮƩ (CoƩ), Ʃ (CuƩ), ¡ũƩ (ZnƩ), ȶƩ (PdƩ), Ʃ (AgƩ), εƩ (In, ITOƩ), ּƩ (SnƩ), ̸Ʃ (IrƩ), Ʃ (PtƩ), Ʃ (AuƩ), Ʃ (PbƩ), ûƩ (BronzeƩ), ȲƩ (BrassƩ), ũƩ (Ni-CrƩ), öũƩ (Fe-CrƩ), Cu-NiƩ (Cu-NiƩ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

͸Ÿ, ŸƮ - ˷̴ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ ( Al ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Mg ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), Ƽź, ƼŸ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Ti, ELI ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Niձ ڳ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ¿ ֽ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (w ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ¿ , ¿ 굧 ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Mo, TZM ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), źŻ, źŻ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Ta ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), Ͽ, Ͽ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Nb ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ڴ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Zr702 ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Hf ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ٳ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (V ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ũ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Cr ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Mn ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ڹƮ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Co ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Cu ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ¡ũ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Zn ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ȶ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Pd ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Ag ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ε ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (In, ITO ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ּ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Sn ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ̸ ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Ir ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Pt ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ), ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ (Au ͸Ÿ, ŸƮ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ, 99.9% (3N), 99.95% (3N5), 99.99%(4N), 99.995%, 99.999% (5N), 99.9995%, 99.9999% (6N)

緿 - ˷̴緿 ( Al緿), ʰ淮 ׳׽緿 (Mg緿), Ƽź, ƼŸ緿 (Ti, ELI緿), 緿 (Niձ ڳ緿), ¿ ֽ緿 (w緿), ¿ , ¿ 굧緿 (Mo, TZM緿), źŻ, źŻ緿 (Ta緿), Ͽ, Ͽ緿 (Nb緿), ڴ緿 (Zr702緿), 緿 (Hf緿), ٳ緿 (V緿), ũ緿 (Cr緿), 緿 (Mn緿), ڹƮ緿 (Co緿), 緿 (Cu緿), ¡ũ緿 (Zn緿), ȶ緿 (Pd緿), 緿 (Ag緿), ε緿 (In, ITO緿), ּ緿 (Sn緿), ̸緿 (Ir緿), 緿 (Pt緿), 緿 (Au緿), 緿 (Pb緿), û緿 (Bronze緿), Ȳ緿 (Brass緿), ũ緿 (Ni-Cr緿), öũ緿 (Fe-Cr緿), Cu-Ni緿 (Cu-Ni緿) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ձݷ - ˷̴ձ ( Alձ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ձ (Mgձ), Ƽź, ƼŸձ (Ti, ELIձ), ̸ձ (Niձ), ¿ ֽٸձ (Wձ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ձ (Mo, TZMձ), źŻ, źŻձ (Taձ), Ͽ, Ͽձ (Nbձ), ڴձ (Zr702ձ), ձ (Hfձ), ٳձ (Vձ), ũҸձ (Crձ), ձ (Mnձ), ڹƮձ (Coձ), ձ (Cuձ), ¡ũձ (Znձ), ȶձ (Pdձ), ձ (Agձ), εձ (In, ITOձ), ּձ (Snձ), ̸ձ (Irձ), ݸձ (Ptձ), ݸձ (Auձ), ձ (Pbձ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

ΰ, Ʈ - ˷̴ΰ, ΰƮ ( Alΰ, ΰƮ), ʰ淮 ׳׽ΰ, ΰƮ (Mgΰ, ΰƮ), Ƽź, ƼŸΰ, ΰƮ (Ti, ELIΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Niձ ڳΰ, ΰƮ), ¿ ֽΰ, ΰƮ (wΰ, ΰƮ), ¿ , ¿ 굧ΰ, ΰƮ (Mo, TZMΰ, ΰƮ), źŻ, źŻΰ, ΰƮ (Taΰ, ΰƮ), Ͽ, Ͽΰ (Nbΰ), ڴΰ (Zrΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Hfΰ, ΰƮ), ٳΰ, ΰƮ (Vΰ, ΰƮ), ũΰ, ΰƮ (Crΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Mnΰ, ΰƮ), ڹƮΰ, ΰƮ (Coΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Cuΰ, ΰƮ), ¡ũΰ, ΰƮ (Znΰ, ΰƮ), ȶΰ, ΰƮ (Pdΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Agΰ, ΰƮ), εΰ, ΰƮ (In, ITOΰ, ΰƮ), ּΰ, ΰƮ (Snΰ, ΰƮ), ̸ΰ, ΰƮ (Irΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Ptΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Auΰ, ΰƮ), ΰ, ΰƮ (Pbΰ, ΰƮ), ûΰ, ΰƮ (Bronzeΰ, ΰƮ), Ȳΰ, ΰƮ (Brassΰ, ΰƮ), ũΰ, ΰƮ (Ni-Crΰ, ΰƮ), öũΰ, ΰƮ (Fe-Crΰ, ΰƮ), Cu-Niΰ, ΰƮ (Cu-Niΰ, ΰƮ) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

- ˷̴ ( Al), ʰ淮 ׳׽ (Mg), Ƽź, ƼŸ (Ti, ELI), ̺ (Niձ ڳں), ¿ ֽٺ (w), ¿ , ¿ 굧 (Mo, TZM), źŻ, źŻ (Ta), Ͽ, Ͽ (Nb), ڴ (Zr), (Hf), ٳ (V), ũҺ (Cr), (Mn), ڹƮ (Co), (Cu), ¡ũ (Zn), ȶ (Pd), (Ag), ε (In, ITO), ּ (Sn), ̸ (Ir), ݺ (Pt), ݺ (Au), (Pb), û (Bronze), Ȳ (Brass), ũҺ (Ni-Cr), öũҺ (Fe-Cr), Cu-Ni (Cu-Ni) , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

Ŀ, и -˷̴Ŀ, и Al, Ag, Co, Cu, ¿ , ¿ 굧Ŀ, и Mo, TZM, Ŀ, и Ni, Sn, Ƽź, ƼŸĿ, и Ti, ELI, źŻ, źŻĿ, и Ta, ¿ ֽĿ, и W, Zn, ڴĿ, и Zr , , , ڿ, װ, ҷΰշ , ۿ, ߿ü ǰ , , ݿ, , , ׽Ʈ, , Ŭ, ̸Ż پ 뵵, Ư Ư ֹ ǰ öݼ Ưݼ ͱݼ ǰ Ǹ

忡 پ 뵵 ʿ ϴ Ưݼ ܱⰣ Ͽ ð Ʋ帳ϴ.
ҷ, Ͽ, ǷϽø ɼDz ִ ݰ 帮 ϰڽϴ.

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